Kidney problems are some of the most common bodily disorders, with millions of people worldwide experiencing renal problems. Because these types of illnesses usually result in the kidney’s difficulty or even inability to do its job properly, harmful toxins can build up in the blood. As such, doctors have come up with renal diet guidelines so that the kidneys will not be put to extreme strain, while at the same time helping prevent these waste products from building up.
According to the renal diet guidelines, the food that you need to avoid or limit are:
- Salty food. Say goodbye to your favorite junk food, because the renal diet guidelines prescribe little or even no salt to your diet. Cured meats, cheeses, pickles, soy sauce, and other diets should be completely taken out of your meal plan, according to the renal diet guidelines. Fast food, commercially-prepared food, and canned goods will also need to be removed. If you need to use canned foods in your meal preparations, the renal diet guidelines recommend rinsing the food thoroughly before these can be prepared.
- Protein. The amount of protein you eat should be for those who are about to go through dialysis. However, once dialysis begins, doctors may recommend that patients eat a lot of protein-rich food. Because the amount of protein you consume will depend on each case, the renal diet guidelines do not have a specific recommendation on how much exactly you can consume, as such, do listen to your doctor’s recommendations on how much protein you can eat.
- Phosphorous-rich food. Phosphorous contributes to the amount of waste products in your blood stream. When your kidneys start to fail you, these will not be eliminated, and the buildup can cause complications. Foods rich in potassium include nuts, avocados, sodas, peanut butter, nuts, and sardines. Even though meat, poultry, fish and eggs are also rich in phosphorous, these are usually not limited because of their protein content. While not included in the renal diet guidelines, some doctors may recommend patients to take phosphate-binding medications, since a lot of food contain phosphorous.
- Potassium-rich food. Potassium can also contribute to the amount of waste products in your blood. Potassium-rich foods include bananas, oranges, potatoes, chocolate, raisins, tomatoes, prunes, and apricots.
- Fluids. Your fluid intake will need to be regulated as well, according to the renal diet guidelines. This doesn’t just include conventional drinks such as water, juices, and sodas; because fluids is defined as any substance that melts at room temperature, this also includes ice cream, gelatin, sherbet, and watermelon.
If you’re experiencing kidney problems, it’s always a good idea to educate yourself about your medical condition, including what foods to eat and avoid based on the renal diet guidelines. Resources such as Kidney Diet Secrets provide a wealth of information about the renal diet guidelines and other information that those with kidney problems need to know.